Common Business Deductions for Your Canadian Small Business Corporation

Running a small business in Canada involves managing various expenses, some of which are eligible for tax deductions. These deductions can significantly reduce your taxable income, thereby lowering your overall tax liability. As a Canadian accounting and bookkeeping firm, we at Virtual Heights Accounting understand the importance of maximizing these deductions to benefit your business. Here’s a comprehensive guide to common business deductions for your Canadian small business corporation.

1. Salaries and Wages

One of the largest deductions for many small businesses is salaries and wages paid to employees. This includes regular wages, bonuses, and commissions. Additionally, contributions to employee benefits, such as health insurance and retirement plans, are also deductible.

2. Office Supplies

Expenses related to office supplies, such as stationery, printer ink, and software, are deductible. These supplies must be used directly in the course of your business operations to qualify for the deduction.

3. Rent and Utilities

If you rent an office space, the rent paid is deductible. Similarly, utility expenses like electricity, heating, and water used for business purposes are also deductible. If you operate your business from home, a portion of your home expenses, such as rent or mortgage interest, utilities, and property taxes, may be deductible.

4. Travel and Vehicle Expenses

Business travel expenses, including transportation, accommodation, and meals, are deductible. For vehicle expenses, if you use your car for business purposes, you can deduct a portion of your vehicle expenses, including fuel, maintenance, insurance, and depreciation. It’s important to keep detailed records of your business travel to substantiate these deductions. This means keeping a mileage log to support your business use. Check our more information on the CRA related to vehicle expenses.

5. Marketing and Advertising

Expenses related to marketing and advertising, such as online ads, print ads, website development, and promotional materials, are deductible. These expenses must be directly related to the promotion of your business to qualify.

6. Professional Fees

Fees paid to professionals for services related to your business, such as accountants, lawyers, and consultants, are deductible. This also includes fees for tax preparation and filing.

7. Interest and Bank Charges

Interest on loans taken for business purposes and bank charges for business accounts are deductible. This includes interest on credit cards, lines of credit, and business loans.

8. Insurance

Premiums paid for business insurance, such as liability insurance, property insurance, and professional indemnity insurance, are deductible. This ensures that your business is protected while also providing tax benefits.

9. Depreciation (Capital Cost Allowance)

Depreciation, known as Capital Cost Allowance (CCA) in Canada, allows you to deduct a portion of the cost of capital assets, such as equipment, machinery, and vehicles, over several years. This deduction helps spread the cost of these assets over their useful life.

10. Bad Debts

If you have previously included an amount in your income and it becomes uncollectible, you can deduct it as a bad debt. This deduction helps mitigate the impact of unpaid invoices on your business.

11. Meals and Entertainment

Expenses for meals and entertainment are deductible up to 50% if they are incurred for business purposes. This includes meals with clients, business lunches, and entertainment events. Keep detailed records, including the purpose of the meeting and the names of attendees.

12. Training and Education

Costs associated with training and education that improve your business skills or those of your employees are deductible. This includes courses, seminars, and workshops relevant to your business.

13. Telephone and Internet

Don’t forget to include the cost of your cell phone that your business can’t live without or your VOIP phone system for that 1-800 number.

14. Software Subscriptions

Software can also be used to make you more efficient. From ChatGPT to Hootsuite, make sure you are deducting the software costs that your business is incurring. This usually means ensuring they are put on a corporate credit card rather than a personal card so they do not get missed at tax time.


Understanding and maximizing business deductions can significantly impact your bottom line. By taking advantage of these common deductions, you can reduce your taxable income and reinvest savings back into your business. At Virtual Heights Accounting, we specialize in helping Canadian small business corporations navigate the complexities of tax deductions and financial management. Contact us today to learn how we can support your accounting and bookkeeping needs, ensuring your business remains financially healthy and compliant with Canadian tax laws.